111And the king of Egypt gathered together a great host, like the sand that lieth upon the sea shore, and many ships, and went about through deceit to get Alexander’s kingdom, and join it to his own.
2Whereupon he took his journey into Spain in peaceable manner, so as they of the cities opened unto him, and met him: for king Alexander had commanded them so to do, because he was his brother in law.
3Now as Ptolemee entered into the cities, he set in every one of them a garrison of soldiers to keep it.
4And when he came near to Azotus, they shewed him the temple of Dagon that was burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that were destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad and them that he had burnt in the battle; for they had made heaps of them by the way where he should pass.
5Also they told the king whatsoever Jonathan had done, to the intent he might blame him: but the king held his peace.
6Then Jonathan met the king with great pomp at Joppa, where they saluted one another, and lodged.
7Afterward Jonathan, when he had gone with the king to the river called Eleutherus, returned again to Jerusalem.
8King Ptolemee therefore, having gotten the dominion of the cities by the sea unto Seleucia upon the sea coast, imagined wicked counsels against Alexander.
9Whereupon he sent ambasadors unto king Demetrius, saying, Come, let us make a league betwixt us, and I will give thee my daughter whom Alexander hath, and thou shalt reign in thy father’s kingdom:
10For I repent that I gave my daughter unto him, for he sought to slay me.
11Thus did he slander him, because he was desirous of his kingdom.
12Wherefore he took his daughter from him, and gave her to Demetrius, and forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was openly known.
13Then Ptolemee entered into Antioch, where he set two crowns upon his head, the crown of Asia, and of Egypt.
14In the mean season was king Alexander in Cilicia, because those that dwelt in those parts had revolted from him.
15But when Alexander heard of this, he came to war against him: whereupon king Ptolemee brought forth his host, and met him with a mighty power, and put him to flight.
16So Alexander fled into Arabia there to be defended; but king Ptolemee was exalted:
17For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexander’s head, and sent it unto Ptolemee.
18King Ptolemee also died the third day after, and they that were in the strong holds were slain one of another.
19By this means Demetrius reigned in the hundred threescore and seventh year.
20At the same time Jonathan gathered together them that were in Judea to take the tower that was in Jerusalem: and he made many engines of war against it.
21Then came ungodly persons, who hated their own people, went unto the king, and told him that Jonathan besieged the tower,
22Whereof when he heard, he was angry, and immediately removing, he came to Ptolemais, and wrote unto Jonathan, that he should not lay siege to the tower, but come and speak with him at Ptolemais in great haste.
23Nevertheless Jonathan, when he heard this, commanded to besiege it still: and he chose certain of the elders of Israel and the priests, and put himself in peril;
24And took silver and gold, and raiment, and divers presents besides, and went to Ptolemais unto the king, where he found favour in his sight.
25And though certain ungodly men of the people had made complaints against him,
26Yet the king entreated him as his predecessors had done before, and promoted him in the sight of all his friends,
27And confirmed him in the high priesthood, and in all the honours that he had before, and gave him preeminence among his chief friends.
28Then Jonathan desired the king, that he would make Judea free from tribute, as also the three governments, with the country of Samaria; and he promised him three hundred talents.
29So the king consented, and wrote letters unto Jonathan of all these things after this manner:
30King Demetrius unto his brother Jonathan, and unto the nation of the Jews, sendeth greeting:
31We send you here a copy of the letter which we did write unto our cousin Lasthenes concerning you, that ye might see it.
32King Demetrius unto his father Lasthenes sendeth greeting:
33We are determined to do good to the people of the Jews, who are our friends, and keep covenants with us, because of their good will toward us.
34Wherefore we have ratified unto them the borders of Judea, with the three governments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathem, that are added unto Judea from the country of Samaria, and all things appertaining unto them, for all such as do sacrifice in Jerusalem, instead of the payments which the king received of them yearly aforetime out of the fruits of the earth and of trees.
35And as for other things that belong unto us, of the tithes and customs pertaining unto us, as also the saltpits, and the crown taxes, which are due unto us, we discharge them of them all for their relief.
36And nothing hereof shall be revoked from this time forth for ever.
37Now therefore see that thou make a copy of these things, and let it be delivered unto Jonathan, and set upon the holy mount in a conspicuous place.
38After this, when king Demetrius saw that the land was quiet before him, and that no resistance was made against him, he sent away all his forces, every one to his own place, except certain bands of strangers, whom he had gathered from the isles of the heathen: wherefore all the forces of his fathers hated him.
39Moreover there was one Tryphon, that had been of Alexander’s part afore, who, seeing that all the host murmured against Demetrius, went to Simalcue the Arabian that brought up Antiochus the young son of Alexander,
40And lay sore upon him to deliver him this young Antiochus, that he might reign in his father’s stead: he told him therefore all that Demetrius had done, and how his men of war were at enmity with him, and there he remained a long season.
41In the mean time Jonathan sent unto king Demetrius, that he would cast those of the tower out of Jerusalem, and those also in the fortresses: for they fought against Israel.
42So Demetrius sent unto Jonathan, saying, I will not only do this for thee and thy people, but I will greatly honour thee and thy nation, if opportunity serve.
43Now therefore thou shalt do well, if thou send me men to help me; for all my forces are gone from me.
44Upon this Jonathan sent him three thousand strong men unto Antioch: and when they came to the king, the king was very glad of their coming.
45Howbeit they that were of the city gathered themselves together into the midst of the city, to the number of an hundred and twenty thousand men, and would have slain the king.
46Wherefore the king fled into the court, but they of the city kept the passages of the city, and began to fight.
47Then the king called to the Jews for help, who came unto him all at once, and dispersing themselves through the city slew that day in the city to the number of an hundred thousand.
48Also they set fire on the city, and gat many spoils that day, and delivered the king.
49So when they of the city saw that the Jews had got the city as they would, their courage was abated: wherefore they made supplication to the king, and cried, saying,
50Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from assaulting us and the city.
51With that they cast away their weapons, and made peace; and the Jews were honoured in the sight of the king, and in the sight of all that were in his realm; and they returned to Jerusalem, having great spoils.
52So king Demetrius sat on the throne of his kingdom, and the land was quiet before him.
53Nevertheless he dissembled in all that ever he spake, and estranged himself from Jonathan, neither rewarded he him according to the benefits which he had received of him, but troubled him very sore.
54After this returned Tryphon, and with him the young child Antiochus, who reigned, and was crowned.
55Then there gathered unto him all the men of war, whom Demetrius had put away, and they fought against Demetrius, who turned his back and fled.
56Moreover Tryphon took the elephants, and won Antioch.
57At that time young Antiochus wrote unto Jonathan, saying, I confirm thee in the high priesthood, and appoint thee ruler over the four governments, and to be one of the king’s friends.
58Upon this he sent him golden vessels to be served in, and gave him leave to drink in gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to wear a golden buckle.
59His brother Simon also he made captain from the place called The ladder of Tyrus unto the borders of Egypt.
60Then Jonathan went forth, and passed through the cities beyond the water, and all the forces of Syria gathered themselves unto him for to help him: and when he came to Ascalon, they of the city met him honourably.
61From whence he went to Gaza, but they of Gaza shut him out; wherefore he laid siege unto it, and burned the suburbs thereof with fire, and spoiled them.
62Afterward, when they of Gaza made supplication unto Jonathan, he made peace with them, and took the sons of their chief men for hostages, and sent them to Jerusalem, and passed through the country unto Damascus.
63Now when Jonathan heard that Demetrius’ princes were come to Cades, which is in Galilee, with a great power, purposing to remove him out of the country,
64He went to meet them, and left Simon his brother in the country.
65Then Simon encamped against Bethsura and fought against it a long season, and shut it up:
66But they desired to have peace with him, which he granted them, and then put them out from thence, and took the city, and set a garrison in it.
67As for Jonathan and his host, they pitched at the water of Gennesar, from whence betimes in the morning they gat them to the plain of Nasor.
68And, behold, the host of strangers met them in the plain, who, having laid men in ambush for him in the mountains, came themselves over against him.
69So when they that lay in ambush rose out of their places and joined battle, all that were of Jonathan’s side fled;
70Insomuch as there was not one of them left, except Mattathias the son of Absalom, and Judas the son of Calphi, the captains of the host.
71Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and cast earth upon his head, and prayed.
72Afterwards turning again to battle, he put them to flight, and so they ran away.
73Now when his own men that were fled saw this, they turned again unto him, and with him pursued them to Cades, even unto their own tents, and there they camped.
74So there were slain of the heathen that day about three thousand men: but Jonathan returned to Jerusalem.
121Now when Jonathan saw that time served him, he chose certain men, and sent them to Rome, for to confirm and renew the friendship that they had with them.
2He sent letters also to the Lacedemonians, and to other places, for the same purpose.
3So they went unto Rome, and entered into the senate, and said, Jonathan the high priest, and the people of the Jews, sent us unto you, to the end ye should renew the friendship, which ye had with them, and league, as in former time.
4Upon this the Romans gave them letters unto the governors of every place that they should bring them into the land of Judea peaceably.
5And this is the copy of the letters which Jonathan wrote to the Lacedemonians:
6Jonathan the high priest, and the elders of the nation, and the priests, and the other of the Jews, unto the Lacedemonians their brethren send greeting:
7There were letters sent in times past unto Onias the high priest from Darius, who reigned then among you, to signify that ye are our brethren, as the copy here underwritten doth specify.
8At which time Onias entreated the ambassador that was sent honourably, and received the letters, wherein declaration was made of the league and friendship.
9Therefore we also, albeit we need none of these things, that we have the holy books of scripture in our hands to comfort us,
10Have nevertheless attempted to send unto you for the renewing of brotherhood and friendship, lest we should become strangers unto you altogether: for there is a long time passed since ye sent unto us.
11We therefore at all times without ceasing, both in our feasts, and other convenient days, do remember you in the sacrifices which we offer, and in our prayers, as reason is, and as it becometh us to think upon our brethren:
12And we are right glad of your honour.
13As for ourselves, we have had great troubles and wars on every side, forsomuch as the kings that are round about us have fought against us.
14Howbeit we would not be troublesome unto you, nor to others of our confederates and friends, in these wars:
15For we have help from heaven that succoureth us, so as we are delivered from our enemies, and our enemies are brought under foot.
16For this cause we chose Numenius the son of Antiochus, and Antipater the son of Jason, and sent them unto the Romans, to renew the amity that we had with them, and the former league.
17We commanded them also to go unto you, and to salute and to deliver you our letters concerning the renewing of our brotherhood.
18Wherefore now ye shall do well to give us an answer thereto.
19And this is the copy of the letters which Oniares sent.
20Areus king of the Lacedemonians to Onias the high priest, greeting:
21It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham:
22Now therefore, since this is come to our knowledge, ye shall do well to write unto us of your prosperity.
23We do write back again to you, that your cattle and goods are our’s, and our’s are your’s We do command therefore our ambassadors to make report unto you on this wise.
24Now when Jonathan heard that Demebius’ princes were come to fight against him with a greater host than afore,
25He removed from Jerusalem, and met them in the land of Amathis: for he gave them no respite to enter his country.
26He sent spies also unto their tents, who came again, and told him that they were appointed to come upon them in the night season.
27Wherefore so soon as the sun was down, Jonathan commanded his men to watch, and to be in arms, that all the night long they might be ready to fight: also he sent forth centinels round about the host.
28But when the adversaries heard that Jonathan and his men were ready for battle, they feared, and trembled in their hearts, and they kindled fires in their camp.
29Howbeit Jonathan and his company knew it not till the morning: for they saw the lights burning.
30Then Jonathan pursued after them, but overtook them not: for they were gone over the river Eleutherus.
31Wherefore Jonathan turned to the Arabians, who were called Zabadeans, and smote them, and took their spoils.
32And removing thence, he came to Damascus, and so passed through all the country,
33Simon also went forth, and passed through the country unto Ascalon, and the holds there adjoining, from whence he turned aside to Joppa, and won it.
34For he had heard that they would deliver the hold unto them that took Demetrius’ part; wherefore he set a garrison there to keep it.
35After this came Jonathan home again, and calling the elders of the people together, he consulted with them about building strong holds in Judea,
36And making the walls of Jerusalem higher, and raising a great mount between the tower and the city, for to separate it from the city, that so it might be alone, that men might neither sell nor buy in it.
37Upon this they came together to build up the city, forasmuch as part of the wall toward the brook on the east side was fallen down, and they repaired that which was called Caphenatha.
38Simon also set up Adida in Sephela, and made it strong with gates and bars.
39Now Tryphon went about to get the kingdom of Asia, and to kill Antiochus the king, that he might set the crown upon his own head.
40Howbeit he was afraid that Jonathan would not suffer him, and that he would fight against him; wherefore he sought a way how to take Jonathan, that he might kill him. So he removed, and came to Bethsan.
41Then Jonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand men chosen for the battle, and came to Bethsan.
42Now when Tryphon saw Jonathan came with so great a force, he durst not stretch his hand against him;
43But received him honourably, and commended him unto all his friends, and gave him gifts, and commanded his men of war to be as obedient unto him, as to himself.
44Unto Jonathan also he said, Why hast thou brought all this people to so great trouble, seeing there is no war betwixt us?
45Therefore send them now home again, and choose a few men to wait on thee, and come thou with me to Ptolemais, for I will give it thee, and the rest of the strong holds and forces, and all that have any charge: as for me, I will return and depart: for this is the cause of my coming.
46So Jonathan believing him did as he bade him, and sent away his host, who went into the land of Judea.
47And with himself he retained but three thousand men, of whom he sent two thousand into Galilee, and one thousand went with him.
48Now as soon as Jonathan entered into Ptolemais, they of Ptolemais shut the gates and took him, and all them that came with him they slew with the sword.
49Then sent Tryphon an host of footmen and horsemen into Galilee, and into the great plain, to destroy all Jonathan’s company.
50But when they knew that Jonathan and they that were with him were taken and slain, they encouraged one another; and went close together, prepared to fight.
51They therefore that followed upon them, perceiving that they were ready to fight for their lives, turned back again.
52Whereupon they all came into the land of Judea peaceably, and there they bewailed Jonathan, and them that were with him, and they were sore afraid; wherefore all Israel made great lamentation.
53Then all the heathen that were round about then sought to destroy them: for said they, They have no captain, nor any to help them: now therefore let us make war upon them, and take away their memorial from among men.
131Now when Simon heard that Tryphon had gathered together a great host to invade the land of Judea, and destroy it,
2And saw that the people was in great trembling and fear, he went up to Jerusalem, and gathered the people together,
3And gave them exhortation, saying, Ye yourselves know what great things I, and my brethren, and my father’s house, have done for the laws and the sanctuary, the battles also and troubles which we have seen.
4By reason whereof all my brethren are slain for Israel’s sake, and I am left alone.
5Now therefore be it far from me, that I should spare mine own life in any time of trouble: for I am no better than my brethren.
6Doubtless I will avenge my nation, and the sanctuary, and our wives, and our children: for all the heathen are gathered to destroy us of very malice.
7Now as soon as the people heard these words, their spirit revived.
8And they answered with a loud voice, saying, Thou shalt be our leader instead of Judas and Jonathan thy brother.
9Fight thou our battles, and whatsoever, thou commandest us, that will we do.
10So then he gathered together all the men of war, and made haste to finish the walls of Jerusalem, and he fortified it round about.
11Also he sent Jonathan the son of Absolom, and with him a great power, to Joppa: who casting out them that were therein remained there in it.
12So Tryphon removed from Ptolemaus with a great power to invade the land of Judea, and Jonathan was with him in ward.
13But Simon pitched his tents at Adida, over against the plain.
14Now when Tryphon knew that Simon was risen up instead of his brother Jonathan, and meant to join battle with him, he sent messengers unto him, saying,
15Whereas we have Jonathan thy brother in hold, it is for money that he is owing unto the king’s treasure, concerning the business that was committed unto him.
16Wherefore now send an hundred talents of silver, and two of his sons for hostages, that when he is at liberty he may not revolt from us, and we will let him go.
17Hereupon Simon, albeit he perceived that they spake deceitfully unto him yet sent he the money and the children, lest peradventure he should procure to himself great hatred of the people:
18Who might have said, Because I sent him not the money and the children, therefore is Jonathan dead.
19So he sent them the children and the hundred talents: howbeit Tryphon dissembled neither would he let Jonathan go.
20And after this came Tryphon to invade the land, and destroy it, going round about by the way that leadeth unto Adora: but Simon and his host marched against him in every place, wheresoever he went.
21Now they that were in the tower sent messengers unto Tryphon, to the end that he should hasten his coming unto them by the wilderness, and send them victuals.
22Wherefore Tryphon made ready all his horsemen to come that night: but there fell a very great snow, by reason whereof he came not. So he departed, and came into the country of Galaad.
23And when he came near to Bascama he slew Jonathan, who was buried there.
24Afterward Tryphon returned and went into his own land.
25Then sent Simon, and took the bones of Jonathan his brother, and buried them in Modin, the city of his fathers.
26And all Israel made great lamentation for him, and bewailed him many days.
27Simon also built a monument upon the sepulchre of his father and his brethren, and raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn stone behind and before.
28Moreover he set up seven pyramids, one against another, for his father, and his mother, and his four brethren.
29And in these he made cunning devices, about the which he set great pillars, and upon the pillars he made all their armour for a perpetual memory, and by the armour ships carved, that they might be seen of all that sail on the sea.
30This is the sepulchre which he made at Modin, and it standeth yet unto this day.
31Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with the young king Antiochus, and slew him.
32And he reigned in his stead, and crowned himself king of Asia, and brought a great calamity upon the land.
33Then Simon built up the strong holds in Judea, and fenced them about with high towers, and great walls, and gates, and bars, and laid up victuals therein.
34Moreover Simon chose men, and sent to king Demetrius, to the end he should give the land an immunity, because all that Tryphon did was to spoil.
35Unto whom king Demetrius answered and wrote after this manner:
36King Demetrius unto Simon the high priest, and friend of kings, as also unto the elders and nation of the Jews, sendeth greeting:
37The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, which ye sent unto us, we have received: and we are ready to make a stedfast peace with you, yea, and to write unto our officers, to confirm the immunities which we have granted.
38And whatsoever covenants we have made with you shall stand; and the strong holds, which ye have builded, shall be your own.
39As for any oversight or fault committed unto this day, we forgive it, and the crown tax also, which ye owe us: and if there were any other tribute paid in Jerusalem, it shall no more be paid.
40And look who are meet among you to be in our court, let then be enrolled, and let there be peace betwixt us.
41Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken away from Israel in the hundred and seventieth year.
42Then the people of Israel began to write in their instruments and contracts, In the first year of Simon the high priest, the governor and leader of the Jews.
43In those days Simon camped against Gaza and besieged it round about; he made also an engine of war, and set it by the city, and battered a certain tower, and took it.
44And they that were in the engine leaped into the city; whereupon there was a great uproar in the city:
45Insomuch as the people of the city rent their clothes, and climbed upon the walls with their wives and children, and cried with a loud voice, beseeching Simon to grant them peace.
46And they said, Deal not with us according to our wickedness, but according to thy mercy.
47So Simon was appeased toward them, and fought no more against them, but put them out of the city, and cleansed the houses wherein the idols were, and so entered into it with songs and thanksgiving.
48Yea, he put all uncleanness out of it, and placed such men there as would keep the law, and made it stronger than it was before, and built therein a dwellingplace for himself.
49They also of the tower in Jerusalem were kept so strait, that they could neither come forth, nor go into the country, nor buy, nor sell: wherefore they were in great distress for want of victuals, and a great number of them perished through famine.
50Then cried they to Simon, beseeching him to be at one with them: which thing he granted them; and when he had put them out from thence, he cleansed the tower from pollutions:
51And entered into it the three and twentieth day of the second month in the hundred seventy and first year, with thanksgiving, and branches of palm trees, and with harps, and cymbals, and with viols, and hymns, and songs: because there was destroyed a great enemy out of Israel.
52He ordained also that that day should be kept every year with gladness. Moreover the hill of the temple that was by the tower he made stronger than it was, and there he dwelt himself with his company.
53And when Simon saw that John his son was a valiant man, he made him captain of all the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazera.