21In those days arose Mattathias the son of John, the son of Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib, from Jerusalem, and dwelt in Modin.
2And he had five sons, Joannan, called Caddis:
3Simon; called Thassi:
4Judas, who was called Maccabeus:
5Eleazar, called Avaran: and Jonathan, whose surname was Apphus.
6And when he saw the blasphemies that were committed in Juda and Jerusalem,
7He said, Woe is me! wherefore was I born to see this misery of my people, and of the holy city, and to dwell there, when it was delivered into the hand of the enemy, and the sanctuary into the hand of strangers?
8Her temple is become as a man without glory.
9Her glorious vessels are carried away into captivity, her infants are slain in the streets, her young men with the sword of the enemy.
10What nation hath not had a part in her kingdom and gotten of her spoils?
11All her ornaments are taken away; of a free woman she is become a bondslave.
12And, behold, our sanctuary, even our beauty and our glory, is laid waste, and the Gentiles have profaned it.
13To what end therefore shall we live any longer?
14Then Mattathias and his sons rent their clothes, and put on sackcloth, and mourned very sore.
15In the mean while the king’s officers, such as compelled the people to revolt, came into the city Modin, to make them sacrifice.
16And when many of Israel came unto them, Mattathias also and his sons came together.
17Then answered the king’s officers, and said to Mattathias on this wise, Thou art a ruler, and an honourable and great man in this city, and strengthened with sons and brethren:
18Now therefore come thou first, and fulfil the king’s commandment, like as all the heathen have done, yea, and the men of Juda also, and such as remain at Jerusalem: so shalt thou and thy house be in the number of the king’s friends, and thou and thy children shall be honoured with silver and gold, and many rewards.
19Then Mattathias answered and spake with a loud voice, Though all the nations that are under the king’s dominion obey him, and fall away every one from the religion of their fathers, and give consent to his commandments:
20Yet will I and my sons and my brethren walk in the covenant of our fathers.
21God forbid that we should forsake the law and the ordinances.
22We will not hearken to the king’s words, to go from our religion, either on the right hand, or the left.
23Now when he had left speaking these words, there came one of the Jews in the sight of all to sacrifice on the altar which was at Modin, according to the king’s commandment.
24Which thing when Mattathias saw, he was inflamed with zeal, and his reins trembled, neither could he forbear to shew his anger according to judgment: wherefore he ran, and slew him upon the altar.
25Also the king’s commissioner, who compelled men to sacrifice, he killed at that time, and the altar he pulled down.
26Thus dealt he zealously for the law of God like as Phinees did unto Zambri the son of Salom.
27And Mattathias cried throughout the city with a loud voice, saying, Whosoever is zealous of the law, and maintaineth the covenant, let him follow me.
28So he and his sons fled into the mountains, and left all that ever they had in the city.
29Then many that sought after justice and judgment went down into the wilderness, to dwell there:
30Both they, and their children, and their wives; and their cattle; because afflictions increased sore upon them.
31Now when it was told the king’s servants, and the host that was at Jerusalem, in the city of David, that certain men, who had broken the king’s commandment, were gone down into the secret places in the wilderness,
32They pursued after them a great number, and having overtaken them, they camped against them, and made war against them on the sabbath day.
33And they said unto them, Let that which ye have done hitherto suffice; come forth, and do according to the commandment of the king, and ye shall live.
34But they said, We will not come forth, neither will we do the king’s commandment, to profane the sabbath day.
35So then they gave them the battle with all speed.
36Howbeit they answered them not, neither cast they a stone at them, nor stopped the places where they lay hid;
37But said, Let us die all in our innocency: heaven and earth will testify for us, that ye put us to death wrongfully.
38So they rose up against them in battle on the sabbath, and they slew them, with their wives and children and their cattle, to the number of a thousand people.
39Now when Mattathias and his friends understood hereof, they mourned for them right sore.
40And one of them said to another, If we all do as our brethren have done, and fight not for our lives and laws against the heathen, they will now quickly root us out of the earth.
41At that time therefore they decreed, saying, Whosoever shall come to make battle with us on the sabbath day, we will fight against him; neither will we die all, as our brethren that were murdered in the secret places.
42Then came there unto him a company of Assideans who were mighty men of Israel, even all such as were voluntarily devoted unto the law.
43Also all they that fled for persecution joined themselves unto them, and were a stay unto them.
44So they joined their forces, and smote sinful men in their anger, and wicked men in their wrath: but the rest fled to the heathen for succour.
45Then Mattathias and his friends went round about, and pulled down the altars:
46And what children soever they found within the coast of Israel uncircumcised, those they circumcised valiantly.
47They pursued also after the proud men, and the work prospered in their hand.
48So they recovered the law out of the hand of the Gentiles, and out of the hand of kings, neither suffered they the sinner to triumph.
49Now when the time drew near that Mattathias should die, he said unto his sons, Now hath pride and rebuke gotten strength, and the time of destruction, and the wrath of indignation:
50Now therefore, my sons, be ye zealous for the law, and give your lives for the covenant of your fathers.
51Call to remembrance what acts our fathers did in their time; so shall ye receive great honour and an everlasting name.
52Was not Abraham found faithful in temptation, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness?
53Joseph in the time of his distress kept the commandment and was made lord of Egypt.
54Phinees our father in being zealous and fervent obtained the covenant of an everlasting priesthood.
55Jesus for fulfilling the word was made a judge in Israel.
56Caleb for bearing witness before the congregation received the heritage of the land.
57David for being merciful possessed the throne of an everlasting kingdom.
58Elias for being zealous and fervent for the law was taken up into heaven.
59Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, by believing were saved out of the flame.
60Daniel for his innocency was delivered from the mouth of lions.
61And thus consider ye throughout all ages, that none that put their trust in him shall be overcome.
62Fear not then the words of a sinful man: for his glory shall be dung and worms.
63To day he shall be lifted up and to morrow he shall not be found, because he is returned into his dust, and his thought is come to nothing.
64Wherefore, ye my sons, be valiant and shew yourselves men in the behalf of the law; for by it shall ye obtain glory.
65And behold, I know that your brother Simon is a man of counsel, give ear unto him alway: he shall be a father unto you.
66As for Judas Maccabeus, he hath been mighty and strong, even from his youth up: let him be your captain, and fight the battle of the people.
67Take also unto you all those that observe the law, and avenge ye the wrong of your people.
68Recompense fully the heathen, and take heed to the commandments of the law.
69So he blessed them, and was gathered to his fathers.
70And he died in the hundred forty and sixth year, and his sons buried him in the sepulchres of his fathers at Modin, and all Israel made great lamentation for him.
31Then his son Judas, called Maccabeus, rose up in his stead.
2And all his brethren helped him, and so did all they that held with his father, and they fought with cheerfulness the battle of Israel.
3So he gat his people great honour, and put on a breastplate as a giant, and girt his warlike harness about him, and he made battles, protecting the host with his sword.
4In his acts he was like a lion, and like a lion’s whelp roaring for his prey.
5For He pursued the wicked, and sought them out, and burnt up those that vexed his people.
6Wherefore the wicked shrunk for fear of him, and all the workers of iniquity were troubled, because salvation prospered in his hand.
7He grieved also many kings, and made Jacob glad with his acts, and his memorial is blessed for ever.
8Moreover he went through the cities of Juda, destroying the ungodly out of them, and turning away wrath from Israel:
9So that he was renowned unto the utmost part of the earth, and he received unto him such as were ready to perish.
10Then Apollonius gathered the Gentiles together, and a great host out of Samaria, to fight against Israel.
11Which thing when Judas perceived, he went forth to meet him, and so he smote him, and slew him: many also fell down slain, but the rest fled.
12Wherefore Judas took their spoils, and Apollonius’ sword also, and therewith he fought all his life long.
13Now when Seron, a prince of the army of Syria, heard say that Judas had gathered unto him a multitude and company of the faithful to go out with him to war;
14He said, I will get me a name and honour in the kingdom; for I will go fight with Judas and them that are with him, who despise the king’s commandment.
15So he made him ready to go up, and there went with him a mighty host of the ungodly to help him, and to be avenged of the children of Israel.
16And when he came near to the going up of Bethhoron, Judas went forth to meet him with a small company:
17Who, when they saw the host coming to meet them, said unto Judas, How shall we be able, being so few, to fight against so great a multitude and so strong, seeing we are ready to faint with fasting all this day?
18Unto whom Judas answered, It is no hard matter for many to be shut up in the hands of a few; and with the God of heaven it is all one, to deliver with a great multitude, or a small company:
19For the victory of battle standeth not in the multitude of an host; but strength cometh from heaven.
20They come against us in much pride and iniquity to destroy us, and our wives and children, and to spoil us:
21But we fight for our lives and our laws.
22Wherefore the Lord himself will overthrow them before our face: and as for you, be ye not afraid of them.
23Now as soon as he had left off speaking, he leapt suddenly upon them, and so Seron and his host was overthrown before him.
24And they pursued them from the going down of Bethhoron unto the plain, where were slain about eight hundred men of them; and the residue fled into the land of the Philistines.
25Then began the fear of Judas and his brethren, and an exceeding great dread, to fall upon the nations round about them:
26Insomuch as his fame came unto the king, and all nations talked of the battles of Judas.
27Now when king Antiochus heard these things, he was full of indignation: wherefore he sent and gathered together all the forces of his realm, even a very strong army.
28He opened also his treasure, and gave his soldiers pay for a year, commanding them to be ready whensoever he should need them.
29Nevertheless, when he saw that the money of his treasures failed and that the tributes in the country were small, because of the dissension and plague, which he had brought upon the land in taking away the laws which had been of old time;
30He feared that he should not be able to bear the charges any longer, nor to have such gifts to give so liberally as he did before: for he had abounded above the kings that were before him.
31Wherefore, being greatly perplexed in his mind, he determined to go into Persia, there to take the tributes of the countries, and to gather much money.
32So he left Lysias, a nobleman, and one of the blood royal, to oversee the affairs of the king from the river Euphrates unto the borders of Egypt:
33And to bring up his son Antiochus, until he came again.
34Moreover he delivered unto him the half of his forces, and the elephants, and gave him charge of all things that he would have done, as also concerning them that dwelt in Juda and Jerusalem:
35To wit, that he should send an army against them, to destroy and root out the strength of Israel, and the remnant of Jerusalem, and to take away their memorial from that place;
36And that he should place strangers in all their quarters, and divide their land by lot.
37So the king took the half of the forces that remained, and departed from Antioch, his royal city, the hundred forty and seventh year; and having passed the river Euphrates, he went through the high countries.
38Then Lysias chose Ptolemee the son of Dorymenes, Nicanor, and Gorgias, mighty men of the king’s friends:
39And with them he sent forty thousand footmen, and seven thousand horsemen, to go into the land of Juda, and to destroy it, as the king commanded.
40So they went forth with all their power, and came and pitched by Emmaus in the plain country.
41And the merchants of the country, hearing the fame of them, took silver and gold very much, with servants, and came into the camp to buy the children of Israel for slaves: a power also of Syria and of the land of the Philistines joined themselves unto them.
42Now when Judas and his brethren saw that miseries were multiplied, and that the forces did encamp themselves in their borders: for they knew how the king had given commandment to destroy the people, and utterly abolish them;
43They said one to another, Let us restore the decayed fortune of our people, and let us fight for our people and the sanctuary.
44Then was the congregation gathered together, that they might be ready for battle, and that they might pray, and ask mercy and compassion.
45Now Jerusalem lay void as a wilderness, there was none of her children that went in or out: the sanctuary also was trodden down, and aliens kept the strong hold; the heathen had their habitation in that place; and joy was taken from Jacob, and the pipe with the harp ceased.
46Wherefore the Israelites assembled themselves together, and came to Maspha, over against Jerusalem; for in Maspha was the place where they prayed aforetime in Israel.
47Then they fasted that day, and put on sackcloth, and cast ashes upon their heads, and rent their clothes,
48And laid open the book of the law, wherein the heathen had sought to paint the likeness of their images.
49They brought also the priests’ garments, and the firstfruits, and the tithes: and the Nazarites they stirred up, who had accomplished their days.
50Then cried they with a loud voice toward heaven, saying, What shall we do with these, and whither shall we carry them away?
51For thy sanctuary is trodden down and profaned, and thy priests are in heaviness, and brought low.
52And lo, the heathen are assembled together against us to destroy us: what things they imagine against us, thou knowest.
53How shall we be able to stand against them, except thou, O God, be our help?
54Then sounded they with trumpets, and cried with a loud voice.
55And after this Judas ordained captains over the people, even captains over thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tens.
56But as for such as were building houses, or had betrothed wives, or were planting vineyards, or were fearful, those he commanded that they should return, every man to his own house, according to the law.
57So the camp removed, and pitched upon the south side of Emmaus.
58And Judas said, arm yourselves, and be valiant men, and see that ye be in readiness against the morning, that ye may fight with these nations, that are assembled together against us to destroy us and our sanctuary:
59For it is better for us to die in battle, than to behold the calamities of our people and our sanctuary.
60Nevertheless, as the will of God is in heaven, so let him do.
41Then took Gorgias five thousand footmen, and a thousand of the best horsemen, and removed out of the camp by night;
2To the end he might rush in upon the camp of the Jews, and smite them suddenly. And the men of the fortress were his guides.
3Now when Judas heard thereof he himself removed, and the valiant men with him, that he might smite the king’s army which was at Emmaus,
4While as yet the forces were dispersed from the camp.
5In the mean season came Gorgias by night into the camp of Judas: and when he found no man there, he sought them in the mountains: for said he, These fellows flee from us
6But as soon as it was day, Judas shewed himself in the plain with three thousand men, who nevertheless had neither armour nor swords to their minds.
7And they saw the camp of the heathen, that it was strong and well harnessed, and compassed round about with horsemen; and these were expert of war.
8Then said Judas to the men that were with him, Fear ye not their multitude, neither be ye afraid of their assault.
9Remember how our fathers were delivered in the Red sea, when Pharaoh pursued them with an army.
10Now therefore let us cry unto heaven, if peradventure the Lord will have mercy upon us, and remember the covenant of our fathers, and destroy this host before our face this day:
11That so all the heathen may know that there is one who delivereth and saveth Israel.
12Then the strangers lifted up their eyes, and saw them coming over against them.
13Wherefore they went out of the camp to battle; but they that were with Judas sounded their trumpets.
14So they joined battle, and the heathen being discomfited fled into the plain.
15Howbeit all the hindmost of them were slain with the sword: for they pursued them unto Gazera, and unto the plains of Idumea, and Azotus, and Jamnia, so that there were slain of them upon a three thousand men.
16This done, Judas returned again with his host from pursuing them,
17And said to the people, Be not greedy of the spoil inasmuch as there is a battle before us,
18And Gorgias and his host are here by us in the mountain: but stand ye now against our enemies, and overcome them, and after this ye may boldly take the spoils.
19As Judas was yet speaking these words, there appeared a part of them looking out of the mountain:
20Who when they perceived that the Jews had put their host to flight and were burning the tents; for the smoke that was seen declared what was done:
21When therefore they perceived these things, they were sore afraid, and seeing also the host of Judas in the plain ready to fight,
22They fled every one into the land of strangers.
23Then Judas returned to spoil the tents, where they got much gold, and silver, and blue silk, and purple of the sea, and great riches.
24After this they went home, and sung a song of thanksgiving, and praised the Lord in heaven: because it is good, because his mercy endureth forever.
25Thus Israel had a great deliverance that day.
26Now all the strangers that had escaped came and told Lysias what had happened:
27Who, when he heard thereof, was confounded and discouraged, because neither such things as he would were done unto Israel, nor such things as the king commanded him were come to pass.
28The next year therefore following Lysias gathered together threescore thousand choice men of foot, and five thousand horsemen, that he might subdue them.
29So they came into Idumea, and pitched their tents at Bethsura, and Judas met them with ten thousand men.
30And when he saw that mighty army, he prayed and said, Blessed art thou, O Saviour of Israel, who didst quell the violence of the mighty man by the hand of thy servant David, and gavest the host of strangers into the hands of Jonathan the son of Saul, and his armourbearer;
31Shut up this army in the hand of thy people Israel, and let them be confounded in their power and horsemen:
32Make them to be of no courage, and cause the boldness of their strength to fall away, and let them quake at their destruction:
33Cast them down with the sword of them that love thee, and let all those that know thy name praise thee with thanksgiving.
34So they joined battle; and there were slain of the host of Lysias about five thousand men, even before them were they slain.
35Now when Lysias saw his army put to flight, and the manliness of Judas’ soldiers, and how they were ready either to live or die valiantly, he went into Antiochia, and gathered together a company of strangers, and having made his army greater than it was, he purposed to come again into Judea.
36Then said Judas and his brethren, Behold, our enemies are discomfited: let us go up to cleanse and dedicate the sanctuary.
37Upon this all the host assembled themselves together, and went up into mount Sion.
38And when they saw the sanctuary desolate, and the altar profaned, and the gates burned up, and shrubs growing in the courts as in a forest, or in one of the mountains, yea, and the priests’ chambers pulled down;
39They rent their clothes, and made great lamentation, and cast ashes upon their heads,
40And fell down flat to the ground upon their faces, and blew an alarm with the trumpets, and cried toward heaven.
41Then Judas appointed certain men to fight against those that were in the fortress, until he had cleansed the sanctuary.
42So he chose priests of blameless conversation, such as had pleasure in the law:
43Who cleansed the sanctuary, and bare out the defiled stones into an unclean place.
44And when as they consulted what to do with the altar of burnt offerings, which was profaned;
45They thought it best to pull it down, lest it should be a reproach to them, because the heathen had defiled it: wherefore they pulled it down,
46And laid up the stones in the mountain of the temple in a convenient place, until there should come a prophet to shew what should be done with them.
47Then they took whole stones according to the law, and built a new altar according to the former;
48And made up the sanctuary, and the things that were within the temple, and hallowed the courts.
49They made also new holy vessels, and into the temple they brought the candlestick, and the altar of burnt offerings, and of incense, and the table.
50And upon the altar they burned incense, and the lamps that were upon the candlestick they lighted, that they might give light in the temple.
51Furthermore they set the loaves upon the table, and spread out the veils, and finished all the works which they had begun to make.
52Now on the five and twentieth day of the ninth month, which is called the month Casleu, in the hundred forty and eighth year, they rose up betimes in the morning,
53And offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new altar of burnt offerings, which they had made.
54Look, at what time and what day the heathen had profaned it, even in that was it dedicated with songs, and citherns, and harps, and cymbals.
55Then all the people fell upon their faces, worshipping and praising the God of heaven, who had given them good success.
56And so they kept the dedication of the altar eight days and offered burnt offerings with gladness, and sacrificed the sacrifice of deliverance and praise.
57They decked also the forefront of the temple with crowns of gold, and with shields; and the gates and the chambers they renewed, and hanged doors upon them.
58Thus was there very great gladness among the people, for that the reproach of the heathen was put away.
59Moreover Judas and his brethren with the whole congregation of Israel ordained, that the days of the dedication of the altar should be kept in their season from year to year by the space of eight days, from the five and twentieth day of the month Casleu, with mirth and gladness.
60At that time also they builded up the mount Sion with high walls and strong towers round about, lest the Gentiles should come and tread it down as they had done before.
61And they set there a garrison to keep it, and fortified Bethsura to preserve it; that the people might have a defence against Idumea.