71In the hundred and one and fiftieth year Demetrius the son of Seleucus departed from Rome, and came up with a few men unto a city of the sea coast, and reigned there.
2And as he entered into the palace of his ancestors, so it was, that his forces had taken Antiochus and Lysias, to bring them unto him.
3Wherefore, when he knew it, he said, Let me not see their faces.
4So his host slew them. Now when Demetrius was set upon the throne of his kingdom,
5There came unto him all the wicked and ungodly men of Israel, having Alcimus, who was desirous to be high priest, for their captain:
6And they accused the people to the king, saying, Judas and his brethren have slain all thy friends, and driven us out of our own land.
7Now therefore send some man whom thou trustest, and let him go and see what havock he hath made among us, and in the king’s land, and let him punish them with all them that aid them.
8Then the king chose Bacchides, a friend of the king, who ruled beyond the flood, and was a great man in the kingdom, and faithful to the king,
9And him he sent with that wicked Alcimus, whom he made high priest, and commanded that he should take vengeance of the children of Israel.
10So they departed, and came with a great power into the land of Judea, where they sent messengers to Judas and his brethren with peaceable words deceitfully.
11But they gave no heed to their words; for they saw that they were come with a great power.
12Then did there assemble unto Alcimus and Bacchides a company of scribes, to require justice.
13Now the Assideans were the first among the children of Israel that sought peace of them:
14For said they, One that is a priest of the seed of Aaron is come with this army, and he will do us no wrong.
15So he spake unto them, peaceably, and sware unto them, saying, we will procure the harm neither of you nor your friends.
16Whereupon they believed him: howbeit he took of them threescore men, and slew them in one day, according to the words which he wrote,
17The flesh of thy saints have they cast out, and their blood have they shed round about Jerusalem, and there was none to bury them.
18Wherefore the fear and dread of them fell upon all the people, who said, There is neither truth nor righteousness in them; for they have broken the covenant and oath that they made.
19After this, removed Bacchides from Jerusalem, and pitched his tents in Bezeth, where he sent and took many of the men that had forsaken him, and certain of the people also, and when he had slain them, he cast them into the great pit.
20Then committed he the country to Alcimus, and left with him a power to aid him: so Bacchides went to the king.
21But Alcimus contended for the high priesthood.
22And unto him resorted all such as troubled the people, who, after they had gotten the land of Juda into their power, did much hurt in Israel.
23Now when Judas saw all the mischief that Alcimus and his company had done among the Israelites, even above the heathen,
24He went out into all the coasts of Judea round about, and took vengeance of them that had revolted from him, so that they durst no more go forth into the country.
25On the other side, when Alcimus saw that Judas and his company had gotten the upper hand, and knew that he was not able to abide their force, he went again to the king, and said all the worst of them that he could.
26Then the king sent Nicanor, one of his honourable princes, a man that bare deadly hate unto Israel, with commandment to destroy the people.
27So Nicanor came to Jerusalem with a great force; and sent unto Judas and his brethren deceitfully with friendly words, saying,
28Let there be no battle between me and you; I will come with a few men, that I may see you in peace.
29He came therefore to Judas, and they saluted one another peaceably. Howbeit the enemies were prepared to take away Judas by violence.
30Which thing after it was known to Judas, to wit, that he came unto him with deceit, he was sore afraid of him, and would see his face no more.
31Nicanor also, when he saw that his counsel was discovered, went out to fight against Judas beside Capharsalama:
32Where there were slain of Nicanor’s side about five thousand men, and the rest fled into the city of David.
33After this went Nicanor up to mount Sion, and there came out of the sanctuary certain of the priests and certain of the elders of the people, to salute him peaceably, and to shew him the burnt sacrifice that was offered for the king.
34But he mocked them, and laughed at them, and abused them shamefully, and spake proudly,
35And sware in his wrath, saying, Unless Judas and his host be now delivered into my hands, if ever I come again in safety, I will burn up this house: and with that he went out in a great rage.
36Then the priests entered in, and stood before the altar and the temple, weeping, and saying,
37Thou, O Lord, didst choose this house to be called by thy name, and to be a house of prayer and petition for thy people:
38Be avenged of this man and his host, and let them fall by the sword: remember their blasphemies, and suffer them not to continue any longer.
39So Nicanor went out of Jerusalem, and pitched his tents in Bethhoron, where an host out of Syria met him.
40But Judas pitched in Adasa with three thousand men, and there he prayed, saying,
41O Lord, when they that were sent from the king of the Assyrians blasphemed, thine angel went out, and smote an hundred fourscore and five thousand of them.
42Even so destroy thou this host before us this day, that the rest may know that he hath spoken blasphemously against thy sanctuary, and judge thou him according to his wickedness.
43So the thirteenth day of the month Adar the hosts joined battle: but Nicanor’s host was discomfited, and he himself was first slain in the battle.
44Now when Nicanor’s host saw that he was slain, they cast away their weapons, and fled.
45Then they pursued after them a day’s journey, from Adasa unto Gazera, sounding an alarm after them with their trumpets.
46Whereupon they came forth out of all the towns of Judea round about, and closed them in; so that they, turning back upon them that pursued them, were all slain with the sword, and not one of them was left.
47Afterwards they took the spoils, and the prey, and smote off Nicanors head, and his right hand, which he stretched out so proudly, and brought them away, and hanged them up toward Jerusalem.
48For this cause the people rejoiced greatly, and they kept that day a day of great gladness.
49Moreover they ordained to keep yearly this day, being the thirteenth of Adar.
50Thus the land of Juda was in rest a little while.
81Now Judas had heard of the Romans, that they were mighty and valiant men, and such as would lovingly accept all that joined themselves unto them, and make a league of amity with all that came unto them;
2And that they were men of great valour. It was told him also of their wars and noble acts which they had done among the Galatians, and how they had conquered them, and brought them under tribute;
3And what they had done in the country of Spain, for the winning of the mines of the silver and gold which is there;
4And that by their policy and patience they had conquered all the place, though it were very far from them; and the kings also that came against them from the uttermost part of the earth, till they had discomfited them, and given them a great overthrow, so that the rest did give them tribute every year:
5Beside this, how they had discomfited in battle Philip, and Perseus, king of the Citims, with others that lifted up themselves against them, and had overcome them:
6How also Antiochus the great king of Asia, that came against them in battle, having an hundred and twenty elephants, with horsemen, and chariots, and a very great army, was discomfited by them;
7And how they took him alive, and covenanted that he and such as reigned after him should pay a great tribute, and give hostages, and that which was agreed upon,
8And the country of India, and Media and Lydia and of the goodliest countries, which they took of him, and gave to king Eumenes:
9Moreover how the Grecians had determined to come and destroy them;
10And that they, having knowledge thereof sent against them a certain captain, and fighting with them slew many of them, and carried away captives their wives and their children, and spoiled them, and took possession of their lands, and pulled down their strong holds, and brought them to be their servants unto this day:
11It was told him besides, how they destroyed and brought under their dominion all other kingdoms and isles that at any time resisted them;
12But with their friends and such as relied upon them they kept amity: and that they had conquered kingdoms both far and nigh, insomuch as all that heard of their name were afraid of them:
13Also that, whom they would help to a kingdom, those reign; and whom again they would, they displace: finally, that they were greatly exalted:
14Yet for all this none of them wore a crown or was clothed in purple, to be magnified thereby:
15Moreover how they had made for themselves a senate house, wherein three hundred and twenty men sat in council daily, consulting alway for the people, to the end they might be well ordered:
16And that they committed their government to one man every year, who ruled over all their country, and that all were obedient to that one, and that there was neither envy nor emmulation among them.
17In consideration of these things, Judas chose Eupolemus the son of John, the son of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and sent them to Rome, to make a league of amity and confederacy with them,
18And to intreat them that they would take the yoke from them; for they saw that the kingdom of the Grecians did oppress Israel with servitude.
19They went therefore to Rome, which was a very great journey, and came into the senate, where they spake and said.
20Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and the people of the Jews, have sent us unto you, to make a confederacy and peace with you, and that we might be registered your confederates and friends.
21So that matter pleased the Romans well.
22And this is the copy of the epistle which the senate wrote back again in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that there they might have by them a memorial of peace and confederacy:
23Good success be to the Romans, and to the people of the Jews, by sea and by land for ever: the sword also and enemy be far from them,
24If there come first any war upon the Romans or any of their confederates throughout all their dominion,
25The people of the Jews shall help them, as the time shall be appointed, with all their heart:
26Neither shall they give any thing unto them that make war upon them, or aid them with victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as it hath seemed good unto the Romans; but they shall keep their covenants without taking any thing therefore.
27In the same manner also, if war come first upon the nation of the Jews, the Romans shall help them with all their heart, according as the time shall be appointed them:
28Neither shall victuals be given to them that take part against them, or weapons, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed good to the Romans; but they shall keep their covenants, and that without deceit.
29According to these articles did the Romans make a covenant with the people of the Jews.
30Howbeit if hereafter the one party or the other shall think to meet to add or diminish any thing, they may do it at their pleasures, and whatsoever they shall add or take away shall be ratified.
31And as touching the evils that Demetrius doeth to the Jews, we have written unto him, saying, Wherefore thou made thy yoke heavy upon our friends and confederates the Jews?
32If therefore they complain any more against thee, we will do them justice, and fight with thee by sea and by land.
91Furthermore, when Demetrius heard the Nicanor and his host were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land of Judea the second time, and with them the chief strength of his host:
2Who went forth by the way that leadeth to Galgala, and pitched their tents before Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and after they had won it, they slew much people.
3Also the first month of the hundred fifty and second year they encamped before Jerusalem:
4From whence they removed, and went to Berea, with twenty thousand footmen and two thousand horsemen.
5Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, and three thousand chosen men with him:
6Who seeing the multitude of the other army to be so great were sore afraid; whereupon many conveyed themselves out of the host, insomuch as abode of them no more but eight hundred men.
7When Judas therefore saw that his host slipt away, and that the battle pressed upon him, he was sore troubled in mind, and much distressed, for that he had no time to gather them together.
8Nevertheless unto them that remained he said, Let us arise and go up against our enemies, if peradventure we may be able to fight with them.
9But they dehorted him, saying, We shall never be able: let us now rather save our lives, and hereafter we will return with our brethren, and fight against them: for we are but few.
10Then Judas said, God forbid that I should do this thing, and flee away from them: if our time be come, let us die manfully for our brethren, and let us not stain our honour.
11With that the host of Bacchides removed out of their tents, and stood over against them, their horsemen being divided into two troops, and their slingers and archers going before the host and they that marched in the foreward were all mighty men.
12As for Bacchides, he was in the right wing: so the host drew near on the two parts, and sounded their trumpets.
13They also of Judas’ side, even they sounded their trumpets also, so that the earth shook at the noise of the armies, and the battle continued from morning till night.
14Now when Judas perceived that Bacchides and the strength of his army were on the right side, he took with him all the hardy men,
15Who discomfited the right wing, and pursued them unto the mount Azotus.
16But when they of the left wing saw that they of the right wing were discomfited, they followed upon Judas and those that were with him hard at the heels from behind:
17Whereupon there was a sore battle, insomuch as many were slain on both parts.
18Judas also was killed, and the remnant fled.
19Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother, and buried him in the sepulchre of his fathers in Modin.
20Moreover they bewailed him, and all Israel made great lamentation for him, and mourned many days, saying,
21How is the valiant man fallen, that delivered Israel!
22As for the other things concerning Judas and his wars, and the noble acts which he did, and his greatness, they are not written: for they were very many.
23Now after the death of Judas the wicked began to put forth their heads in all the coasts of Israel, and there arose up all such as wrought iniquity.
24In those days also was there a very great famine, by reason whereof the country revolted, and went with them.
25Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of the country.
26And they made enquiry and search for Judas’ friends, and brought them unto Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and used them despitefully.
27So was there a great affliction in Israel, the like whereof was not since the time that a prophet was not seen among them.
28For this cause all Judas’ friends came together, and said unto Jonathan,
29Since thy brother Judas died, we have no man like him to go forth against our enemies, and Bacchides, and against them of our nation that are adversaries to us.
30Now therefore we have chosen thee this day to be our prince and captain in his stead, that thou mayest fight our battles.
31Upon this Jonathan took the governance upon him at that time, and rose up instead of his brother Judas.
32But when Bacchides gat knowledge thereof, he sought for to slay him
33Then Jonathan, and Simon his brother, and all that were with him, perceiving that, fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and pitched their tents by the water of the pool Asphar.
34Which when Bacchides understood, he came near to Jordan with all his host upon the sabbath day.
35Now Jonathan had sent his brother John, a captain of the people, to pray his friends the Nabathites, that they might leave with them their carriage, which was much.
36But the children of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took John, and all that he had, and went their way with it.
37After this came word to Jonathan and Simon his brother, that the children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing the bride from Nadabatha with a great train, as being the daughter of one of the great princes of Chanaan.
38Therefore they remembered John their brother, and went up, and hid themselves under the covert of the mountain:
39Where they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and, behold, there was much ado and great carriage: and the bridegroom came forth, and his friends and brethren, to meet them with drums, and instruments of musick, and many weapons.
40Then Jonathan and they that were with him rose up against them from the place where they lay in ambush, and made a slaughter of them in such sort, as many fell down dead, and the remnant fled into the mountain, and they took all their spoils.
41Thus was the marriage turned into mourning, and the noise of their melody into lamentation.
42So when they had avenged fully the blood of their brother, they turned again to the marsh of Jordan.
43Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the sabbath day unto the banks of Jordan with a great power.
44Then Jonathan said to his company, Let us go up now and fight for our lives, for it standeth not with us to day, as in time past:
45For, behold, the battle is before us and behind us, and the water of Jordan on this side and that side, the marsh likewise and wood, neither is there place for us to turn aside.
46Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven, that ye may be delivered from the hand of your enemies.
47With that they joined battle, and Jonathan stretched forth his hand to smite Bacchides, but he turned back from him.
48Then Jonathan and they that were with him leapt into Jordan, and swam over unto the other bank: howbeit the other passed not over Jordan unto them.
49So there were slain of Bacchides’ side that day about a thousand men.
50Afterward returned Bacchides to Jerusalem and repaired the strong cites in Judea; the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and Bethhoron, and Beth-el, and Thamnatha, Pharathoni, and Taphon, these did he strengthen with high walls, with gates and with bars.
51And in them he set a garrison, that they might work malice upon Israel.
52He fortified also the city Bethsura, and Gazera, and the tower, and put forces in them, and provision of victuals.
53Besides, he took the chief men’s sons in the country for hostages, and put them into the tower at Jerusalem to be kept.
54Moreover in the hundred fifty and third year, in the second month, Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the sanctuary should be pulled down; he pulled down also the works of the prophets
55And as he began to pull down, even at that time was Alcimus plagued, and his enterprizes hindered: for his mouth was stopped, and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no more speak any thing, nor give order concerning his house.
56So Alcimus died at that time with great torment.
57Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he returned to the king: whereupon the land of Judea was in rest two years.
58Then all the ungodly men held a council, saying, Behold, Jonathan and his company are at ease, and dwell without care: now therefore we will bring Bacchides hither, who shall take them all in one night.
59So they went and consulted with him.
60Then removed he, and came with a great host, and sent letters privily to his adherents in Judea, that they should take Jonathan and those that were with him: howbeit they could not, because their counsel was known unto them.
61Wherefore they took of the men of the country, that were authors of that mischief, about fifty persons, and slew them.
62Afterward Jonathan, and Simon, and they that were with him, got them away to Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, and they repaired the decays thereof, and made it strong.
63Which thing when Bacchides knew, he gathered together all his host, and sent word to them that were of Judea.
64Then went he and laid siege against Bethbasi; and they fought against it a long season and made engines of war.
65But Jonathan left his brother Simon in the city, and went forth himself into the country, and with a certain number went he forth.
66And he smote Odonarkes and his brethren, and the children of Phasiron in their tent.
67And when he began to smite them, and came up with his forces, Simon and his company went out of the city, and burned up the engines of war,
68And fought against Bacchides, who was discomfited by them, and they afflicted him sore: for his counsel and travail was in vain.
69Wherefore he was very wroth at the wicked men that gave him counsel to come into the country, inasmuch as he slew many of them, and purposed to return into his own country.
70Whereof when Jonathan had knowledge, he sent ambassadors unto him, to the end he should make peace with him, and deliver them the prisoners.
71Which thing he accepted, and did according to his demands, and sware unto him that he would never do him harm all the days of his life.
72When therefore he had restored unto him the prisoners that he had taken aforetime out of the land of Judea, he returned and went his way into his own land, neither came he any more into their borders.
73Thus the sword ceased from Israel: but Jonathan dwelt at Machmas, and began to govern the people; and he destroyed the ungodly men out of Israel.